This paper analyzes critically four selected learning theories and their role in online instruction for adults. The theory comparison revealed that no single theory encompasses the entirety of online instruction for adult learning; each theory explains some portion of adult online learning; theories are contextual; and components of all theories can be utilized to improve online learning. Adult learning theories and their roles in shaping online learning and instruction deserve more attention.
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Abstract Research on learners has shown that adults learn differently from younger students. Adults have special needs as learners and these needs should be taken into consideration when planning training for adults. By using combinations of adult learner techniques and strategies, Extension educators can create training experiences that will enhance the learning of participants.
Adult educationdistinct from child educationis a practice in which adults engage in systematic and sustained self-educating activities in order to gain new forms of knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values. In particular, adult education reflects a specific philosophy about learning and teaching based on the assumption that adults can and want to learn, that they are able and willing to take responsibility for that learning, and that the learning itself should respond to their needs. Driven by what one needs or wants to learn, the available opportunities, and the manner in which one learns, adult learning is affected by demographics, globalization and technology. The World Bank 's World Development Report on The Changing Nature of Work  argues that adult learning is an important channel to help readjust workers' skills to fit in the future of work and suggests ways to improve its effectiveness.
His research interests centre around adult learning and education. He has authored several books, reports and articles on adult pedagogical themes. This article deals with the concept of andragogy and the understanding of the same from a historical and professional perspective.
Trainers and teachers NEED to be able to understand how research is done in education and learning. Unfortunately, many trainers have limited contact with and understanding of how people learn, outside of their exposure to adult learning theory and androgogy. While we should respect the work of Knowles and others, their "theories" are often not theories at all, and are more about the "ideal" learner, than how adults function and learn.
Although it seems obvious that adults are at a different point in their lifecycle than children, the six assumptions were criticized by some as being too rigid. And some young learners are able to be self-directed in their learning. In the world of academia, there are many other theories that relate to adult learning.
Adult learning theories play a pivotal role in the design and implementation of education programs, including healthcare professional programs. There is a variation in the use of theories in healthcare professional education programs and this is may be in part due to a lack of understanding of the range of learning theories available and paucity of specific, in-context examples, to help educators in considering alternative theories relevant to their teaching setting. This article seeks to synthesize key learning theories applicable in the learning and teaching of healthcare professionals and to provide examples of their use in context. Search terms used identified a range of relevant literature about learning theories, and their utilization in different healthcare professional education programs.
What do we mean by that? We want to design training that is directly relevant to our learners, training that they can immediately use back on the job. He called his theory andragogy the design and delivery of instruction for adultsto distinguish it from pedagogy the design and delivery of instruction for children and adolescents.
Summary: Andragogy refers to a theory of adult learning that details some of the ways in which adults learn differently than children. For example, adults tend to be more self-directed, internally motivated, and ready to learn. Teachers can draw on concepts of andragogy to increase the effectiveness of their adult education classes.